Stonemasonry historically pertains to conceptualisation and creation of buildings, structures, and sculptures using stone. In early history, this group of men, stonemasons, were relied upon to build some of the most impressive and famous landmarks in history. From the Egyptian pyramids to Greek temples, and Parisian palaces, stonemasons are, quite literally, the foundation of modern civilization. Stonemasons played a pivotal role in the development of architecture, as well as economics, religion, politics, and society. During the medieval era, they were instrumental in building towns, cathedrals, and castles throughout Europe and the world. As the skill and labour of stonemasons continued to be called for in high demand, the craft grew. So much so that a member body, called a “Guild,” was formed to regulate the practice, skill, and members of stonemasonry and allied crafts, as well as protect the sacred secrets of the trade. These guilds were found primarily in Scotland, England, and France. From the Middle Ages, associations of stonemasons existed throughout Europe. But it wasn’t until the turn of the 16th Century that those medieval guilds gained an institutional structure – the point which many consider to be the birth of modern Freemasonry.